Written in EnglishRead online
|Statement||edited by D. W. Rains, R. C. Valentine, and Alexander Hollaender.|
|Series||Basic life sciences ;, v. 14|
|Contributions||Rains, D. W., Valentine, R. C. 1936-, Hollaender, Alexander, 1898-, University of California, Davis. College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.|
|LC Classifications||QH442 .S95 1979|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||xiv, 381 p. :|
|Number of Pages||381|
|LC Control Number||80014972|
Download Genetic engineering of osmoregulation
• Genetic engineering of osmoregulation is simply the application of the science of genetics toward osmo tically tolerant microbes and plants. • Recombinant DNA is regarded as just another tool along with conventional genetics to be utilized for improvement of microbes and plants.
Osmoregulation. Osmoregulation is the process of maintaining salt and water balance (osmotic balance) across membranes within the body. The fluids inside and surrounding cells are composed of water, electrolytes, and nonelectrolytes.
An electrolyte is a compound that dissociates into ions when dissolved in : Charles Molnar, Jane Gair, Molnar, Charles, Gair, Jane. Genetic Engineering. Using recombinant DNA technology to modify an organism’s DNA to achieve desirable traits is called genetic engineering.
Addition of foreign DNA in the form of recombinant DNA vectors that are generated by molecular cloning is the most common method of genetic : Charles Molnar, Jane Gair, Molnar, Charles, Gair, Jane.
Get this from a library. Genetic engineering of osmoregulation: impact on plant productivity for food, chemicals, and energy. [D W Rains; R C Valentine; Alexander Hollaender; University of California, Davis. College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences.;].
Get this from a library. Genetic Engineering of Osmoregulation: Impact on Plant Productivity for Food, Chemicals, and Energy. [D W Rains; R C Valentine; Alexander Hollaender] -- The plant world represents a vast renewable resource for production of food, chemicals and energy.
The utilization of this resource is frequently limited by moisture, temperature or salt stress. Among the various mechanisms, accumulation of osmotically active biomolecules is a major one. There are certain organic metabolites of low molecular weight that are collectively known as compatible solutes, as they do not inhibit other cellular functions.
These solutes include carbohydrates viz., fructans, trehalose; sugar alchohols (polyols) such as glycerol, mannitol, Author: J. Madhura, S. Mervat, K. Vasantha, R. Hema, S. Shivakumar, U.
Nagalakshmi, P. Reddy, V. The 'state of the art' ofgenetic engineering is now at a point where microorganisms can be manipulated for osmotic tolerance. In the future genetic engineering technology may be applied for construction of hardy varieties of crop by: Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 14) Abstract Algae and the most active organs of higher plants, the leaves, and the roots, are 85–95 percent water by by: Biotechnology is the use of artificial methods to modify the genetic material of living organisms or cells to produce novel compounds or to perform new functions.
Biotechnology has been used for improving livestock and crops since the beginning of agriculture through selective breeding. Since the discovery of the structure of DNA inand particularly since the development of tools.
"Genetic Engineering of Osmoregulation: Impact on Plant Productivity for Food, Chemicals and Energy" Edited by D.W. Raines, C. Valentine & Alexander Brand: Pickwick Books. Physiology of Stressed Crops, Vol.
4: Osmoregulation and Protection 1st Edition discussed in this volume showing significant improvement in stress tolerance and in turn productivity by involving genetic engineering techniques. Enter your mobile number or email address below and we'll send you a link to download the free Kindle App.
The CSEC® Biology Concise Revision Course provides full coverage of the CSEC® Biology syllabus. This book provides comprehensive and authoritative guidance for the course.
It adopts a practical, supportive approach to help students with their learning. Revision exam and assessment guidance questions throughout consolidate this : Anne Tindale.
Physiology of Stressed Crops, Vol. 4: Osmoregulation and Protection - CRC Press Book To cope with the abiotic stress-induced osmotic problems, plants adapt by either increasing uptake of inorganic ions from the external solution, or by de novo synthesis of organic compatible solutes acting as osmolytes.
To cope with the abiotic stress-induced osmotic problems, plants adapt by either increasing uptake of inorganic ions from the external solution, or by de novo synthesis of organic compatible solutes acting as osmolytes.
Of the osmoregulants and protectants discussed in this volume, trehalose, fructa. In this book several specialists have analyzed and reviewed the new data published regarding fish osmoregulation.
The chapters present an integrative synthesis of the different aspects of this field focusing on osmoregulation in specific environments or situations, function of osmoregulatory organs, general mechanisms and endocrine control.
Osmoregulation mechanism of drought stress and genetic engineering strategies for improving drought resistance in plants Article in Forestry Studies in China 6(2). Osmoregulation is the active control of the cellular water balance and encompasses homeostatic mechanisms crucial for life.
The osmoregulatory system in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is particularly well understood. Key to yeast osmoregulation is the production and accumulation of the compatible solute glycerol, which is partly controlled.
To cope with the abiotic stress-induced osmotic problems, plants adapt by either increasing uptake of inorganic ions from the external solution, or by de novo synthesis of organic compatible solutes acting as osmolytes. Of the osmoregulants and. Osmoregulation is the active regulation of the osmotic pressure of an organism's body fluids, detected by osmoreceptors, to maintain the homeostasis of the organism's water content; that is, it maintains the fluid balance and the concentration of electrolytes (salts in solution which in this case is represented by body fluid) to keep the body fluids from becoming too diluted or.
Department of Genetic Engineering School of Bioengineering Faculty of Engineering & Technology SRM University, Kattankulathur, Chennai Tamil Nadu, India DEPARTMENT OF GENETIC ENGINEERING SRM UNIVERSITY GENETIC ENGINEERING (FULL TIME) CURRICULUM & SYLLABUS () Code GN GN GN GN.
Osmoregulation and Ion Transport Integrating Physiological, Molecular and Environmental Aspects The topic of osmoregulation has a long history, and is home to some of the most profound discoveries in the life sciences; including the universal mechanisms of how water and salt move across biological membranes.
Using recombinant DNA technology to modify an organism’s DNA to achieve desirable traits is called genetic on of foreign DNA in the form of recombinant DNA vectors that are generated by molecular cloning is.
This is where all A level resources will be published. The A Level Cambridge topics are: Energy and Respiration Photosynthesis Homeostasis Coordination Inherited. A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text.
Conference Proceedings. Csonka, L. The influence of water potential on plant-microbe interactions. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Biotic Stress of Barley in Arid and Semi-Arid Environments, Riesselman, J., Ed., Montana State University, Boseman, pp.
Water is fundamental to life and all metabolic reactions are influenced by the aqueous environment in which they occur. Osmoregulation and water balance are therefore absolutely essential topics in animal physiology. Animal Osmoregulation collates a widely dispersed literature to produce a comprehensive and authoritative synthesis of the field, providing detailed.
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Genetic Engineering of Osmoregulation: Impact of Plant Productivity for Food Chemicals and Energy (Marine Science; V. 11) D. Rains, Robert C. Valentine Published by Springer (). Some important genetic terms Variation Revision questions 17 Species, selection and genetic engineering Species The formation of new species - speciation Extinction of species The role of natural selection in biological evolution Artificial selection Genetic engineering Other applications of Price: $ The most fundamental feature of life is the presence of a cell.
In other words, a cell is the simplest functional unit of a life. Bacteria are unicellular, prokaryotic organisms that have some of the least complex life processes in place; however, prokaryotes such as bacteria do not contain membrane-bound vacuoles.
CIE A Level Biology revision notes made for the CIE (Cambridge International Examination) exam board. This covers all the topics and modules for all specifications including We cover all the relevant topics in the specification below: Topic 1 – Cell Structure Revision Notes: Cell structure and function.
Fish osmoregulation has always attracted considerable attention and in the last years several studies have increased our knowledge of this physiological process.
In this book several specialists have analyzed and reviewed the new data published regarding fish osmoregulation. The chapters present an integrative synthesis of the different aspects Format: Hardcover.
This post has the guess paper of biology being prepared today. It will be updated here at night. You can visit this post again at night. All the guess papers of. Osmoregulation in a freshwater fish would not include _____. uptake of salt ions by gills B. excreting salt ions and large amounts of water in dilute urine C.
osmotic water gain through gills D. gaining water and some ions in food E. drinking large amounts of water. Osmoregulation is the process by which the body regulated the osmotic pressure of any organsms fluids in order to keep the homeostasis of the organisms’ water level constant. Therefore osmoregulation is used to keep the bodily fluid from being too diluted or too concentrated.
An osmotic pressure is used to measure the ability of water to move. OSMOREGULATION|| The process of removal of excess water and salts from the body is called osmoregulation.|| The process of osmoregulation is also controlled by the kidneys.|| Osmoregulation is related to the habitat of an animal.|| The fresh water animals like fishes take up a large amount of water and frequently excrete a lot of urine in order to get rid of excess.
Osmoregulation is the active regulation of osmotic pressure to maintain the balance of water and electrolytes in an organism. Control of osmotic pressure is needed to perform biochemical reactions and preserve homeostasis.
UNIT 7 EXCRETION AND OSMOREGULATION Lesson 4 Significance of genetic engineering in improving the quality and yield of crop - Additionalinformation which provides additional content compared to the student’s book for the teacher to.
Osmoregulation, in biology, maintenance by an organism of an internal balance between water and dissolved materials regardless of environmental conditions. In many marine organisms osmosis (the passage of solvent through a semipermeable membrane) occurs without any need for regulatory mechanisms because the cells have the same osmotic pressure as the sea.
CLEP Biology: at a Glance Structure and function in animals with emphasis on vertebrates • Major systems (e.g., digestive, gas exchange, skeletal, nervous, circulatory, excretory, immune) • Homeostatic mechanisms • Hormonal control in homeostasis and reproduction Animal reproduction and development • Gamete formation, fertilization.
Book Description: In this survey text, directed at those not majoring in biology, we dispel the assumption that a little learning is a dangerous thing.
We hope that by skimming the surface of a very deep subject, biology, we may inspire you to drink more deeply and make more informed choices relating to your health, the environment, politics, and the greatest subject that are all Author: Charles Molnar, Jane Gair.Osmoregulation is the physiological response of an organism to maintain a constant water balance regardless of its surroundings, making up for if water if lost and avoid access water.
This ensures that a constant osmolality of body fluids is kept. The average human is around 55 to 60% water weight, so it is essential that it is kept under. Stress and osmoregulation in plants 1. Stress and Osmoregulation in plants BY HAIDER ALI MALIK 2.
Stress Biological stress is not easily defined but it implies adverse effects on an organism Like all other living organisms, the plants are subjected to various environmental stresses such as water deficit and drought, cold, heat, salinity and air pollution etc.