Social and environmental impact of irrigation farming in Tanzania selected cases by Hussein Sosovele

Cover of: Social and environmental impact of irrigation farming in Tanzania | Hussein Sosovele

Published by Dar es Salaam University Press in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Irrigation farming -- Tanzania.,
  • Irrigation farming -- Environmental aspects -- Tanzania.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references.

Book details

StatementH. Sosovele, J. Boesen, and F. Maganga.
ContributionsBoesen, Jannik., Maganga, Faustin P.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsS616.T34 S67 2005
The Physical Object
Paginationvi, 184 p. :
Number of Pages184
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL22735627M
ISBN 109976604319

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Get this from a library. Social and environmental impact of irrigation farming in Tanzania: selected cases. [Hussein Sosovele; Jannik Boesen; Faustin P Maganga]. farming systems and social life.

Reflecting on Coward’s work, Blake and Taylor() argue that planning for irrigation must take into account the implications that changes in both engineering and farming systems will have on social life. Practitioners of social impact assessment (SIA) should develop their capacity to contribute to impact.

THE PROJECT ON IRRIGATION SCHEME DEVELOPMENT IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN UGANDA FINAL REPORT VOLUME-III ATARI IRRIGATION SCHEME DEVELOPMENT PROJECT. d) Decision making by NEMA (and lead agencies). These processes are explained in Table and illustrated in Figure support negative impacts on the environment are linked to irrigation activities.

Furthermore, a case study was made in Tanzania, Kiru Valley, regarding the tension between big scale and small-scale farmers as result from the water decline. The results demonstrate that the institu-tions do not have the power to solve the conflict. For review about the environmental impact of irrigation see Stockle ().

In order to carry out an effective management of irrigation, precise information of water status of the group substrate. Environmental and Social Management Plan (ESMP) that highlights the opportunities and suggest ways and means of enhancing the positive effects of the project; 2.

CONTEXT OF THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL ASSESSMENT Country background – the Kenyan SituationFile Size: 1MB. Reducing the environmental impact of agricultural production profitable and sustainable irrigation farming.

Irrigated agriculture contributes over 30% of the the social upliftment of. The area equipped for irrigation, currently slightly more than 13 million hectares, makes up just 6 percent of the total cultivated area.

Eighty-five percent of Africa's poor live in rural areas and mostly depend on agriculture for their livelihoods. As a result, agricultural development is key. Impacts on Road and transport 25 Impacts on Health 26 Impacts on River channel migration 26 Impacts on River erosion 28 Impacts on local Society 29 Impact of flood on farming 30 Increased Expenses in Farming 30 High price of seed 30 Less return from animal husbandry 30 Poor performance of social.

The potential negative environmental impacts of most large irrigation projects described more in detail below include: waterlogging and salinization of soils, increased incidence of water-borne and water-related diseases, possible Social and environmental impact of irrigation farming in Tanzania book impacts of dams and reservoirs, problems of resettlement or changes in the lifestyle of local populations.

SinceTanzania has aimed to expand irrigation to one million hectares bya target reaffirmed by the Minister for Water and Irrigation in autumn last year.

[1] Currently, only five per cent —hectares — of Tanzania’s cultivated land is irrigated. Most of the world=s fruits and vegetables are grown with irrigation. Providing the same food without irrigation would likely have even greater environmental impacts.

We must educate the public of the benefits of irrigated agriculture and work to minimize the negative environmental impacts. Article - full text (enhanced PDF format, bytes).

Social Impact of Canal Irrigation: A Review of 30 Years of Research Avinash Kishore Introduction Surface irrigation is of critical importance in Indian agriculture and its quest for self-dependence in meeting the countries’ food requirement.

With an average rainfall of. Irrigation can also cause a decline in soil structure and water quality, while the method of irrigation used influences the efficiency of water use and impact on the environment (Smith ). Impacts on water quality result from the high levels of fertiliser use in conjunction with some irrigation methods.

Majule and R. Mwalyosi, “Enhancing Agricul- tural Productivity through Sustainable Irrigation. A Case of Vinyungu Farming System in Selected Zones of Southern Highlands, Tanzania,” In: H. Sosovele, J. Boesen and F. Maganga, Eds., Social and Environmental Impacts of Irrigation Farming in Tanzania: Selected by: The environmental impacts of irrigation relate to the changes in quantity and quality of soil and water as a result of irrigation and the effects on natural and social conditions in river basins and downstream of an irrigation impacts stem from the altered hydrological conditions caused by the installation and operation of the irrigation scheme.

Moreover, such reductions in water quality can impact other uses of water bodies as well, such as drinking water, sanitation, fishing, aquaculture, recreation and tourism, and other farms.

The direct environmental impacts of irrigation are discussed later in this chapter. The effects of policy on the environmental impacts of agriculture. The following points highlight the five main impacts of agriculture on environment. The impacts are: 1. Degradation of Land 2.

Disposal of Industrial & Agricultural Wastes. The degradation of land in one form or the other is matter of serious concern endangering sustainability of agriculture.

Landslides caused by rains and flowing water in. Indigenous farmer-managed irrigation in Sonjo, Tanzania. Geographical Journal, AE, M., & Mwalyosi, R.

Enhancing Agricultural Crop Production Through Sustainable Irrigation Farming: Vmyungu Farming System in Southern Highlands, Tanzania. Social and Environmental Impact of Irrigation Farming in Tanzania: Selected Cases, Search the world's most comprehensive index of full-text books.

My library. Tanzania. Tanzania's major environmental problems, demographic characteristics, and the linkages between environmental change and rapid population growth both at national and regional levels are discussed. These discussions are intended to provide an empirical base for analysing the impact of changing environment on the people’s lifestyle and.

Tanzania is classified as an economically Less Developed Country with most of its citizens performing subsistence farming. % of its population lives under $2 a day (HDR). In order to alleviate poverty, the Tanzanian government in launched the “National Strategy for Growth andAuthor: Razeen Jivani.

Major pollution and potential environmental impacts in the wetland include excess nutrients, agrochemical runoff, diversion by irrigation and sedimentation, poses threats. The main valley floor is a core area for agriculture where farms with well-established irrigation schemes have been using chemical fertiliser over the last decade [ 36 ].Cited by: 1.

economic viability and economic impact of mkindo irrigation scheme in mvomero district, tanzania Thesis (PDF Available) November with Reads How we measure 'reads'Author: Prudence Lugendo. This paper investigates the implication of climate change and variability on the river flow within the traditional irrigation farming system, vinyungu, in Iringa region, study aimed at establishing areas that are most impacted by climate change in Cited by: 3.

environmental, economic and social impacts, including health impacts, of present practices of sewage sludge use on land, provide an overview of prospective risks and opportunities and identify policy options related to the use of sewage sludge on land.

This study thus provides background information for a decision whether orFile Size: KB. resources management and climate smart agriculture. The project is, by design, a strategic response to the impacts of climate change, specifically, increasing variability of rainfail, droughts and flooding in vulnerable areas of Uganda.

The introduction of new irrigation sehemes will enable project beneficiaries and communities to. This book focuses on addressing the issues of using groundwater in agriculture for irrigation in the developing world, this book discusses the problems associated with the degradation and overexploitation of using it.

It explores the practiced and potential methods for its management in the context of agricultural development. Read more. Environmental √√√ (mainly) Social √ (sometimes) Economic √ (sometimes) Institutional √ (sometimes) Purpose EIA is intended to identify the impacts (both beneficial and adverse) of a proposed public and private development activities.

Often, the focus is dominantly environmental (biophysical); but File Size: KB. The purpose of this project is to respond to the major religious, economic, social and cultural challenges facing the community in the project area of operation. 3 Project Description The project will be conducted by covering the following core activities.

Land analysis and environmental impact Size: KB. Economic, social and environmental change is inherent to development. Whilst development aims to bring about positive change it can lead to conflicts.

In the past, the promotion of economic growth as the motor for increased well-being was the main development thrust with little sensitivity to adverse social or environmental impacts. Different application in agriculture is affecting the spread of greenhouse gases. Fossil fuels are used more in areas of intensive agriculture [5].

Effects of Agricultural Practices on Environment Negative effects of agricultural applications Environmental described as external medium where human, animals and plants triple live Size: KB. The social impact of a business is easy to identify but difficult to measure, however understanding the effects a company has on society and the environment.

An environmental impact assessment (EIA) can be defined as: A formal process to (1) predict the environmental consequences of human development activities and (2) plan appropriate measures to avoid or reduce adverse effects and to enhance positive effects.

In most environmental impact assessments, the term "environment" is given a rather broad File Size: 75KB. In central and eastern Europe data on the environmental impacts of irrigation is even more limited. Nonetheless, there are concerns in some countries.

If the area of agricultural land under irrigation were to expand substantially, with or without Community assistance, certain pressures could File Size: 50KB. The Spanish National Irrigation Plan (PNR) aims to help the irrigation-based agriculture to face all these challenges, developing five programmes and building a new financing system tailored to the different irrigation systems and reinforcing the relationship between administrations and stakeholders, mainly the irrigating farmers’ by: 7.

• The goal—reduce measurably the most significant social and environment impacts of commodities with the most significant impacts • Identify both on-farm and ecoregion or large-scale impacts • Focus on the most significant environmental and social impacts, not laundry lists • Identify a range of better management practices (BMPs)File Size: KB.

Human expansion throughout the world caused that agriculture is a dominant form of land management globally. Human influence on the land is accelerating because of rapid population growth and increasing food requirements.

To stress the interactions between society and the environment, the driving forces (D), pressures (P), states (S), impacts (I), and response (R) (DPSIR) framework approach Cited by: 7. export earning capacity, and growing social instability typified conditions in a number of countries.

The World Bank decided to commit its own resources to help correct the perversive macro-economic imbalances. SAPs in Tanzania Tanzania was also engulfed in the web of the economic imbalances affecting the third Size: 1MB.

Irrigation is the application of controlled amounts of water to plants at needed intervals. Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall.

Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil. In this context, and as part of a broader international effort to understand the environmental and hydro-social impacts of global sugarcane expansion, the objective of this paper was to provide a critical assessment of scientific evidence, expert and industry opinion on the water, land, economic and social impacts of the sugarcane industry in by: Irrigation use in Ethiopia dates back several centuries, and continues to be an integral part of Ethiopian agriculture.

In Ethiopia, modern irrigation began in the s through private and government-owned schemes in the middle Awash Valley where big sugar, fruit and cotton state farms are found [1,2,9,10].In Ethiopia, irrigation development is a priority for agricultural transformation, but Cited by: 7 Physical and Social Environmental Factors.

T he previous chapters of this report focused on health systems and individual and household-level risks that might explain the U.S. health disadvantage, but it has been increasingly recognized that these health determinants cannot be fully understood (or influenced) in isolation from the environmental contexts that shape and sustain them.

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